The Hallstatt Mine is an internet of galleries and passageways that, at an altitude of greater than 800 meters, pierces the stays of an historical sea. They are saying it’s the oldest salt mine on the planet and that Males have been drilling the stones of that Austrian mountain for greater than 7,000 years on the lookout for that extremely valued white gold. They are saying way more, however Hallstatt is greatest identified for the massive cemetery with 1,200 Bronze Age males, ladies and kids discovered within the bowels of the mine in 1824.
Nevertheless, immediately we aren’t going to speak about elaborate axes, delicate clothes or completely preserved stays: let’s discuss excrement. As a result of sure, due to the fixed temperatures and excessive concentrations of salt, loads of excrement is saved within the Hallstatt Mine. Excrement that, with the brand new applied sciences that now we have, are making us understand that the weight-reduction plan of two,700 years in the past isn’t that completely different from immediately.
Blue cheese and beer!
If we save the distances, in fact. 2,700 years in the past, there have been no potatoes, no tomatoes, and no cocoa in Austria. They did not have microwaves, kitchen machines, or low-temperature cooking pots. They might not give themselves a tribute in a Segovian grill, order a few pizzas or spend the afternoon ingesting espresso in a seedy bar. However, the most recent research on Hallstatt droppings have shocking information: the feasts of beer and blue cheese, with out going any additional.
To be actual, the examine revealed in ‘Current Biology‘a couple of days in the past he discovered two mushrooms: the Penicillium roqueforti and the Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Each previous identified for immediately’s industrial processes and excelling in what was in any other case a well-balanced weight-reduction plan primarily based on cereals, some fruits, legumes, and meats, extra sporadically.
As we are able to see, the weight-reduction plan is considerably an identical to ours. And, actually, the shocking factor is that we didn’t know that methods as “subtle” as these now we have discovered had been used at the moment. Frank Maixner, the microbiologist on the Eurac Analysis Institute in Bolzano who’s engaged on these points, defined that it was not anticipated that greater than two millennia in the past salt miners had been superior sufficient to “use fermentation deliberately.”
That is the primary proof of cheese maturation in Europe. There’s nothing. And, though we all know from archaeological stays that beer was made lengthy earlier than, that is the primary time that now we have discovered molecular proof of alcohol consumption. “It’s changing into more and more clear not solely prehistoric culinary practices had been subtle, but in addition that advanced processed meals merchandise, in addition to fermentation approach, have performed a outstanding position in our early meals historical past “, explained in The Guardian, Kerstin Kowarik, from the Vienna Pure Historical past Museum.
However maybe probably the most attention-grabbing factor about that is the least conspicuous. The researchers coordinated by Maixner additionally discovered a reasonably full report of the microbiota of the salt miners. And right here, the shock is that this microbiota is similar to that of contemporary non-industrialized populations. Every thing appears to point that the change in our instentinal flora is one thing “latest”, the results of trendy life, ultra-processed weight-reduction plan or medical advances. “We should return to this as a result of the microbiota is a necessary ingredient of the brand new medication that we’re starting to discover.
Picture | Brad Stallcup