Home Technology The freeway toll will arrive from 2023: questions (and their solutions) in...

The freeway toll will arrive from 2023: questions (and their solutions) in regards to the Authorities’s plan to cost per kilometer traveled

2
0

The Authorities’s plan to cost for the usage of highways and highways shall be a actuality. Within the absence of the official presentation of the challenge, the Ministry of Transport has been dropping quite a few particulars of what the brand new fee system shall be like, a mannequin during which We can pay per kilometer and for which we must pay a toll on some highways that till now have been free.

The measure will foreseeably have an important affect on mobility, altering the prices of transferring round Spain relying on the completely different roads. A plan that continues to generate many doubts and for which completely different phases are established. Right here we depart you with a collection of questions and solutions about freeway tolls to attempt to make clear how this technique is meant to be carried out.

When ought to the brand new freeway toll mannequin be prepared?

This street toll plan or “pay per use” must be official earlier than March 2022. The measure is included throughout the pacts that the Authorities made with Brussels to entry the restoration funds and nowadays it has been recognized that within the agreed contract by the Minister of Finance, the deadline is about in March of subsequent yr to have the plan prepared. One during which the price of the infrastructures is roofed in line with the concept that “the polluter pays”, which in apply implies a cost based mostly on the kilometers traveled.

The roadmap of Raquel Sánchez, Minister of Transport, is to ascertain contacts with employers and unions firstly of 2022 to attempt to agree on the main points of this measure. It would additionally should persuade its personal authorities companions, as there are inner criticisms that the measure isn’t a progressive tribute and can particularly have an effect on staff and transporters.

From what date will it’s carried out and can it start to be charged in Spain?

The fee to be used of the highways and highways is described in the Recovery and Resilience Plan, the place it’s defined that in 2024 it’s already lively on each state and regional highways. The technique of the Ministry of Transport is begin on the finish of the yr 2023.

The federal government’s plan is to provoke the system change first with a bullet sample and a hard and fast quantity to be paid to get this sticker. This vignette would have a transitory position and later it might be transferred to a cost to be used, based mostly on the kilometers traveled, in line with inner research of the Ministry of Transport.

How does the vignette system work?

Vineta

Vignette used for Austria, Slovenia and Switzerland.

It’s referred to as a vignette however we are able to perceive it as a sticker for which a hard and fast worth shall be paid, will stick on the windshield as already occurs with the ITV sticker and it’ll give us entry to the usage of the highways. This method is the one which the Authorities prepares to start out charging for the highways, initially we’ll solely pay for having it and later it’s anticipated that its price will depend upon the mileage made.

The vignette system might have charges for days, weeks, months and years, relying on the kind of driver. You may as well differentiate costs relying on the kind of car, for instance in line with its environmental label.

How a lot will the vignette price on the highways?

In the mean time it’s unknown what the value of this vignette shall be, however we do have as a reference the completely different European nations the place it already exists. Within the case of Austria it’s 89.2 euros per yr (really 14 months) or € 35.5 for bikes. Within the Czech Republic it’s 60 euros a yr, whereas in Switzerland it’s 35 euros.

Will probably be essential to see at what worth stage Spain is initially located. As described The Economist, the ministry manages an annual quantity of about 80 euros. The same determine to that produced by the proposal of the Affiliation of Infrastructure Conservation and Exploitation Corporations (ACEX), which proposes 87 euros for automobiles, 43.5 euros for bikes and 435 euros for vehicles, vans, buses or tractors.

What system is utilized in the remainder of European nations?

Tolls Europe

In crimson, the nations with a vignette. In blue, regular tolls as in Spain and in inexperienced with out tolls.

Spain isn’t the one nation that desires to cost for the usage of the highways or based mostly on the usage of the roads. The clearest benchmark is Portugal, which for years launched a pay-per-use system. International locations like France additionally they apply a value price per kilometer on a few of their roads and Italy has not too long ago utilized modifications to extend the associated fee. On the vignette system, it’s used primarily in central Europe, in nations equivalent to Austria, Switzerland, Bulgaria or the Czech Republic.

How a lot shall be paid per kilometer traveled?

The preliminary concept of ​​the Authorities was that it might find yourself paying between Three and 5 cents per kilometer traveled, however the newest reviews from the Ministry of Transport is to impose a mannequin of one cent per kilometer.

It’s a price much like that of Italy, the place a ticket is collected on the entrance and delivered on the exit and paid in line with the space, at an approximate price of about 0.09 cents per kilometer. Though when making comparisons, It isn’t solely the associated fee per kilometer itself however the high quality of these roads that we’re paying for. In the mean time this price is completely indicative and may very well be topic to many situations.

How a lot would it not price to journey on an important highways in Spain?

Burgos Highway

A-73 freeway Burgos – Aguilar de Campoo. Picture: Wikimedia

Between motorways and expressways, Spain has 17,228 kilometers of high-capacity roads. If we search for instance on the Northeast motorway from Madrid to Barcelona, its route is 624 kilometers. Because of this its use would have a value of 6,2 euros, in line with the forecasts that the ministry is contemplating.

Within the case of the A-Three or East freeway now we have 360 ​​kilometers, which implies that going from Madrid to Valencia could be 3.6 euros. For the northern freeway that connects Madrid with Burgos, Vitoria and San Sebastián now we have 454 kilometers, which might be 4.5 euros. Within the case of the A-Four or southern freeway, its distance from Madrid to Cádiz is 647 kilometers, which might be equal to six.Four euros.

The brand new price of the highways is offset by the termination of toll concessions on highways such because the AP-1, the AP-Four or sections of the AP-7. With the most recent closures, it has gone from 3,304 to 2,207 kilometers with tolls in Spain. A descent that will develop enormously by including this bundle to the highways.

How will they know the way far now we have traveled?

Cameras

Digital camera system in Portugal.

The Authorities has a number of potentialities to implement this technique of fee to be used of the highways. The primary one is with the bullet level system. To regulate their use will be carried out controls on the entrance and exit of the highways and high quality those that don’t carry the label positioned.

This evaluation of the sticker will be carried out mechanically by way of OCR cameras, able to studying the code from the vignette or straight the license plate of the car.

The payment for use of the highways that the Government prepares has an ally that extends throughout Spain: the OCR cameras that read license plates

To distinguish the space traveled, one of many choices proposed by the Authorities is set up a detection barrier each 40 or 50 kilometer part and apply an quantity based mostly on what number of of those sections have been traveled.

It stays to be seen how it’s carried out. The flat-rate vignette is simple to use, however the utilization cost requires extra scrutiny. Confronted with this case, the Connected Vehicle 3.0 platform prepared by the DGT from 2025 may assist handle these taxes.

Who will it have an effect on?

The affect of this measure is of explicit concern to truckers. The carriers claim that with the rise within the worth of gas, mobility has already turn into costlier and this measure may put much more stress on its economic system. The target is that “who makes use of pays and who pollutes pays”, however This enhance in prices may find yourself being handed on to the ultimate worth of the merchandise.

Following the plan’s forecasts, it’s affordable to imagine that much less polluting automobiles with a zero label will see the price of these tolls decreased. This measure is in step with the one proposed by the Spanish Street Affiliation (AEC), which additionally advocates a free mobility voucher of 10,000 kilometers per year.

What’s the price of freeway upkeep in Spain?

Based on authorities information, the price of sustaining the motorway and motorway community is 11,000 million euros, however accumulates an funding deficit of about 8,000 million euros. “To get an concept, the upkeep price of a 400-kilometer part is round 200 million euros”, explain from the ministry.

Spain is one of the countries that currently pays the least because of the usage of its high-speed street community, reaching 76% lower than the EU nations. A distinction that with the longer term pay-per-use plan may change radically.

Picture | Zarateman

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here